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Empirical approaches to inequality of opportunity

Working Paper 2012-259


We put together the different conceptual issues involved in measuring inequality of opportunity, discuss how these concepts have been translated into computable measures, and point out the problems and choices researchers face when implementing these measures. Our analysis identities and suggests several new possibilities to measure inequality of opportunity. The approaches are illustrated with a selective survey of the empirical literature on income inequality of opportunity.

Authors: Xavier Ramos , Dirk Van de gaer .

Keywords: equality of opportunity, measurement, compensation, responsibility, effort, circumstances.
JEL: D3, D63.