Occupational Licensing and the Gender Wage Gap

Working Paper 2020-563


We use a unique survey of the EU labor force to investigate the relationship between occupational licensing and the gender wage gap. We find that the gender wage gap is canceled for licensed self-employed workers. However, this closure of the gender wage gap is not mirrored by significant changes in the gender gap in hours worked. Our results are robust using decomposition methods, quantile regressions, different datasets, and selection correction.

Authors: Maria Koumenta, Mario Pagliero, Davud Rostam-Afschar.

Keywords: Licensing, Gender gap, Wages, Female Labour Supply, Quantile regression, Selection
JEL: J16, J31, J44, J71