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Computers as Stepping Stones? Technological Change and Equality of Labor Market Opportunities

Working Paper 2022-617

Abstract

This paper analyzes whether technological change improves equality of labor market opportunities by increasing the returns to skills relative to the returns to parental background. We find that in Germany during the 1990s, computer-driven technological change improved the access to technology-adopting occupations for workers with low-educated parents, and reduced their wage penalty within these occupations.We also show that this significantly contributed to a decline in the overall wage penalty experienced by workers from disadvantaged parental backgrounds over this time period.Competing mechanisms, such as skill-specific labor supply shocks and skill-upgrading, do not explain these findings.

Authors: Melanie Arntz, CΓ€cilia Lipowski, Guido NeidhΓΆfer, Ulrich Zierahn-Weilage.

Keywords: Skill-biased technical change, wage inequality, equality of opportunity, intergenerational persistence, parental background, class ceiling
JEL: J21, J23, J24, J31, J62, O33